What is incisional hernia?
An incisional hernia is a type of hernia occurring under the surgical incision in the patients being operated previously. Abdominal wall weakens due to the damage of the muscles in the incision area and intra-abdominal organs begin to protrude from this compromised area. It is called incisional hernia. Incisional hernia is mostly seen following the open surgeries. Post-laparoscopic surgery risk is very low.
Two methods are applied for this surgery performed for tens of thousands every year. While most of surgeries are performed by the open method, some of them are performed by the laparoscopic method.
How does the incisional hernia occur?
An incisial hernia is seen in the persons being operated previously. Tissues in the incision area compromise and internal membrane expands and takes the form of the sac due to bulginess and tissue laceration. Protrusion of bowels towards this sac is called hernia. If the bowels in the hernia region entrap, urgent surgical intervention may require. Medical treatment is not possible for hernias. The single treatment method is the operation.
How is the incisional hernia understood?
Subcutaneous bulge is the first sign. It may not cause any complaint however; you may feel pain while lifting a heavy load, coughing, urination, in case of constipation, while standing for a long time or sitting. Your pain may not be very severe or it may increase towards the end of the day. Pain not stopping and becoming severe, redness, nausea and vomiting indicates that the hernia has entrapped or strangulated. If there are these symptoms, please refer to your physician as soon as possible.
What is the reason of incisional hernia?
The main reason of incisional hernia is the previous laparotomy. Other reasons include aging, stress, obesity, injury, infection in the surgery site. Hernia may occur immediately after the first surgery and also it may occur in months or it may never occur. Everyone may suffer from hernia at all ages. However, as we grow older, risk increases due to decrease of tissue resistance. Moreover, some tiresome activities, continuous couching, smoking, constipation, dysuria increases the risk of hernia.
Advantages of laparoscopic incisional hernia surgery?
- Less pain
- Shorter hospitalization time
- Starting normal nutrition earlier
- Starting the usual life earlier
- Low possibility of recurrence
- Lower risk of scar infection.